Crohn’s Disease

Crohn Disease
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Chronic inflammation in the digestive tract creates a painful disease known as Crohn’s disease.

What is Crohn’s Disease:

Crohn’s disease is a disorder created in the digestive tract due to long term inflammation in the stomach and cause severe pain.

Scientists and researchers believe that this disorder occurs due to the autoimmune disease in which the healthy cells get attacked by the immune cells of the body.

Autoimmune diseases turn out to be severe and happens to take over the whole body organs.

Crohn’s disease is often getting deep into the layers of the bowel and causes pain and sometimes it creates a life-threatening position for the patient. It is also known as Inflammatory bowel disease.

Like all autoimmune diseases there is no treatment there are only preventions and some methods to get recovered from Crohn’s disease.

Sign and Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease:

Crohn’s disease can turn out to be a fatal one if not get noticed on time. Various signs and symptoms are shown by the body before the diseases fully reveals itself.

Mostly the parts get affected by the disease are the end of the small intestine and colon. The symptoms appear gradually mostly and can range from mild to severe.

But there are chances of the appearance of the symptoms accidentally without any warning. The symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain or cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Joint aches
  • Blood in stool
  • Irritation around anus
  • Burning sensation in mouth
  • Nausea
  • Irritation in eyes and skin
  • Red patches on the skin
  • Suppression of appetite
  • Get irritation after eating certain foods

Types of Crohn’s Disease:

Crohn Disease

Medically there are five types of Crohn’s disease. The doctors distinguish them from the different symptoms and the part of the digestive tract they have affected. Below mentioned are the types of Crohn’s disease.

Ileocolitis:

In this type of both the large and end part of the small intestine gets affected by the disease. Almost 40% of people get this disease.

There are certain symptoms which appears like abdominal cramps and sudden weight loss and also diarrhea.

Ileitis:

The narrowest end of the small intestine is known as ileum and in this type the inflammation occurs in that specific area. The symptoms of these conditions are similar to those of Ileocolitis.      

Crohn’s Colitis:

This type of disease occurs in the large intestine, also known as colon. There is another medical term used for this type of disease which is granulomatous. In this type the symptoms can be observed like diarrhea, pain in joints, stool in blood.

Gastroduodenal:

Most of young people suffer from this type of disease. Duodenal is the initial part of the stomach.

The severe inflammation in this part of the stomach gives sores or ulcers to the patient. The symptoms may include nausea,  vomiting, weight loss.

Jejunoileitis:

The rarest type of disease happens to persons. It happens in the middle section of the small intestine. That part is known jejunum.

The symptoms include abdominal pain, cramps, and feelings of irritation just after having any food.

Diagnosis of Crohn’s disease:

When a person observes symptoms mentioned above its better to consult a doctor in the initial stage because the symptoms get severe the disease can become life-threatening and also disability for a lifetime.

There are several physical examinations done by the doctors and after observing some trouble in the examination he will go for further investigation by performing some of these tests:

  • Ct scan of stomach
  • Stool test
  • Blood test
  • Colonoscopy
  • Investigating the lower part of the colon

By screening the whole colon during colonoscopy will help the doctor to get a clear picture of the disease. After that the doctor will be able to start treatment.

Treatment:

Till now there is no cure or treatment available for Crohn’s disease. Researchers are trying their best to get the medicine to treat this type of autoimmune disease.

But there are some changes a person can make into his life to treat the disease or even stay prevented from it. These changes include:

  • Healthy diet
  • Avoid fizzy drinks
  • Spicy food
  • Proper sleep
  • Proper eating timings
  • Exercises

Apart from life adjustments, there are certain medicines can be prescribed by the doctor. Those may include:

  • Steroids
  • Antibiotics
  • Biologic drugs
  • Surgery as a Treatment:

There are certain conditions when there is no choice left apart from the surgery to treat Crohn’s disease.

According to the type and severity of the disease, the doctor will go for the best possible treatment for the patient. The option for surgeries may include:

Ostomy:

This surgery involves creating a hole in the body to remove the waste.

Ileostomy:

when the surgeon makes the hole in the small intestine it is known as an ileostomy.

Colostomy:

This procedure is done in the large intestine to remove the waste stuck in the larger bowel.

Colectomy:

This surgery is done when the doctors see the diseased potion in the screening in the scan and then remove it.

Proctocolectomy:

This surgery is a major surgery; in this procedure, the whole intestine colon and rectum are removed and an ostomy is done to collect the waste of the body

Strictureplasty:

This procedure is done to shorten or increase the intestinal length.

After Effects of the Surgeries:

All the above-mentioned procedures are the last options for the doctors to follow.

There are certain risk factors involved while performing then and also some after-effects of the surgeries are also observed in the patients. They may include:

  • A patient can get an infection in the surgical area.
  • When the part of the small intestine is removed then the body gets unable to absorb the nutrients from the food.
  • There is a kind of ulcer that appears on the area where the stitches have been done, these are known as Marginal ulcers and they are very painful and also cause infection in stitches.
  • Fever
  • Inflammation in the area where surgery is done

Crohn’s disease is not a fatal disease at the start. Take care of yourself and observe what your body is telling you and act accordingly for the betterment of your health.

4 thoughts on “Crohn’s Disease

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